LocateCoord

The WMF Cloud/Tools Lab side is currently experiencing hardware issues
Locate articles in geographic region
Site:
Globe:
to latitude
to longitude
Last updated on 19 October 2019 at 05:58 UTC | database dumps | documentation
Lat Lon Dim Type Size Region Globe Name
46.2000012.90000city928.0ITCastelnovo del Friuli
46.5461012.14150ITCappella della Beata Vergine di Lourdes
46.3944012.77420ITCarnia
46.5733312.70306mountainITCarnic Prealps
46.2716712.33194cityIT-36Casso
45.9663012.77570landmarkITCastello di Zoppola
46.5967012.11280ITCastello di Botestagno
46.2833312.30000city1735.0ITCastellavazzo
46.2000012.76667city1513.0ITCavasso Nuovo
46.3666713.03333city1116.0ITCavazzo Carnico
46.3500011.96667city1470.0ITCencenighe Agordino
46.1864011.87870passITCereda Pass
45.9469412.01056mountainIT-TVCesen
46.0833311.98333city4122.0ITCesiomaggiore
46.1666712.40000city1530.0ITChies d'Alpago
46.3833312.28333city454.0ITCibiana di Cadore
46.3741712.25889passITCibiana Pass
45.5424211.57851ITCaserma Ederle
45.9166711.03333city3346.0ITCastellano, Trentino
45.9166710.60000city235.0ITCastel Condino
45.5333310.23333city11342.0ITCastenedolo
45.5833311.40000city6109.0ITCastelgomberto
45.7464010.95210ITCastle of Avio
45.7000010.31667city1907.0ITCasto, Lombardy
45.6888911.14333mountainITCatena delle Tre Croci
45.5333310.76667city4459.0ITCavaion Veronese
45.5666711.03333city2274.0ITCerro Veronese
45.5500011.28333city12618.0ITChiampo
45.7666711.46667city2630.0ITChiuppano
45.6066710.53139landmarkITChurch of Santa Maria Annunziata, Salò
46.2666711.33333city589.0ITCapriana
46.2833311.43333city958.0ITCarano
46.1666710.76667city936.0ITCarisolo
46.1686110.71472landmarkITCascate Nardis
46.4500011.11667city624.0ITCastelfondo
46.2833311.43333city2172.0ITCastello-Molina di Fiemme
46.2837311.467242700.0eventITCavalese cable car disaster (1998)
46.2735011.47630ITCavalese cable car disaster (1976)
46.2733311.47611ITCavalese cable car disaster (1976)
46.2833311.46667city4004.0ITCavalese
46.4166711.13333city973.0ITCavareno
46.1833311.03333city507.0ITCavedago
46.3666710.95000city239.0ITCavizzana
46.1833311.21667city313.0ITCembra Lisignago
46.2422211.50250mountainITCermis
46.4975011.35167landmarkIT-32Chiesa dei Domenicani
46.1647210.76472ITChurch of Saint Vigilius of Trent (Pinzolo)
46.8547910.46984adm2ndITChuvashsko-Sorminskoye Rural Settlement
46.1666713.18333city2880.0ITCassacco
46.6000012.88333mountainITCarnic Alps
46.5000013.00000mountainITCarnic Alps
46.6069412.88222mountainITCarnic and Gailtal Alps
46.5333312.98333city759.0ITCercivento
45.7863911.92278ITCasella (Asolo)
45.6500012.30000city9915.0ITCasier
45.7333311.78333city13680.0ITCassola
45.6666711.93389railwaystationIT-TVCastelfranco Veneto railway station
45.7800012.17000landmarkITCastelBrando
45.8511112.23417landmarkITCastello San Salvatore
45.9166712.33333city6357.0ITCastello Roganzuolo
45.6666711.93333city33048.0ITCastelfranco Veneto
45.8333311.88333city2076.0ITCastelcucco
45.7000011.88333city7102.0ITCastello di Godego
45.9000013.18333city3727.0ITCastions di Strada
45.8666711.90000city2904.0ITCavaso del Tomba
45.6833312.63333city6129.0ITCeggia
45.7166712.61667city3832.0ITCessalto
45.7333312.58333city3702.0ITChiarano
45.8500012.71667city4896.0ITChions
46.0666711.50000city502.0ITCarzano
46.0689011.60708landmarkITCasa Alcide de Gasperi museum
46.0666711.61667city1414.0ITCastello Tesino
46.0500011.48333city926.0ITCastelnuovo, Trentino
46.0663911.52361city1400.0ITCastel Ivano
45.9211611.00632landmarkIT-TNCastle of Castellano
46.0000010.96667city2799.0ITCavedine
46.0775010.35056city1196.0ITCedegolo
46.0278010.33470Cemmo
45.9666711.23333city596.0ITCenta San Nicolò
46.0033310.32667city667.0ITCerveno
46.0033310.35278city1860.0ITCeto, Lombardy
46.0822210.36944city1030.0ITCevo
46.0313910.34111landmarkChurch of Santa Maria Assunta (Esine)
45.9415313.20761cityITChiasiellis
46.4000013.31667city792.0ITChiusaforte
46.0316710.34667city2429.0ITCapo di Ponte
46.0666710.61667mountainITCarè Alto
46.0040013.23500cityIT-36Cargnacco
45.9114210.83433waterbodyIT-32Cascate del Varone
45.9666712.36667city4710.0ITCappella Maggiore
45.6887012.25730ITCarabinieri Mobile Units Division
45.6833312.28333city11196.0ITCarbonera, Veneto
45.8000013.18333city2816.0ITCarlino
45.4332012.32250landmarkITCarmini
45.4266512.33841ITCasa dei Tre Oci, Venice
45.4372712.34119ITCasa Venier
45.6000012.33333city12998.0ITCasale sul Sile
45.9530612.84083railwaystationIT-BGCasarsa railway station
45.9500012.85000city8235.0ITCasarsa della Delizia
45.4357012.34850cityIT-VECastello, Venice
45.4535012.29900landmarkITCauseway
45.4500012.45000city12890.0ITCavallino-Treporti
45.2170612.27725landmarkITChioggia Cathedral
45.2196412.27889city49744.0ITChioggia
45.0666711.21667city1327.0ITCarbonara di Po
45.2000011.61667city1579.0ITCarceri, Veneto
45.1666711.20000city6010.0ITCasaleone
45.1833311.46667city4840.0ITCasale di Scodosia
45.1166711.41667city4091.0ITCastagnaro
44.8375011.61944landmarkIT-FECastello Estense
45.1333311.45000city1694.0ITCastelbaldo
45.0166711.53333city1730.0ITCastelguglielmo
45.0166711.31667city4342.0ITCastelmassa
45.0333311.28333city3082.0ITCastelnovo Bariano
45.4833311.20000city1340.0ITCazzano di Tramigna
45.0166711.36667city1853.0ITCeneselli
45.2000011.21667railwaystationIT-VRCerea railway station
45.2000011.21667cityITCerea
45.3692311.35981ITCertosa di Pontignano
44.8391011.62120ITChurch of Gesù, Ferrara
45.6000010.80000city7657.0ITCaprino Veronese
45.4400010.98778landmarkITCastelvecchio Museum
45.4402810.98722landmarkITCastelvecchio Bridge
45.4400010.98800ITCastelvecchio (Verona)
45.4305610.75806railwaystationIT-BSCastelnuovo del Garda railway station
45.3500010.95000city10825.0ITCastel d'Azzano
45.4333310.76667city9988.0ITCastelnuovo del Garda
45.2166710.88333city2636.0ITCastelbelforte
45.1833310.98333city4433.0ITCastel d'Ario
45.1500010.65000city4945.0ITCastellucchio
45.1609010.80000landmarkITCastello di San Giorgio, Mantua
44.8333311.03333city7072.0ITCavezzo
45.4577810.94639city2800.0ITChievo
45.1577010.78640ITChurch of Sant'Orsola (Mantua)
44.8884011.06930ITChurch of Gesù, Mirandola
45.5399510.22570landmarkCapitolium of Brixia
45.7500010.55000city389.0ITCapovalle
45.1666710.23333city477.0ITCappella de' Picenardi
45.3666710.43333city12946.0ITCarpenedolo
45.2666710.40000city2228.0ITCasalmoro
45.2500010.48333city2436.0ITCasaloldo
45.2000010.36667city1568.0ITCasalromano
44.9833310.41667city15378.0ITCasalmaggiore
45.5755610.23028railwaystationIT-BSCasazza (Brescia Metro)
45.3000010.48333city11200.0ITCastel Goffredo
45.0666710.40000city592.0ITCasteldidone
44.8166710.56667city8294.0ITCastelnovo di Sotto
45.2981010.47463landmarkITCastel Goffredo Town Hall
45.3916710.48889city23448.0ITCastiglione delle Stiviere
45.3500010.60000city3804.0ITCavriana
45.1000010.21667city609.0ITCella Dati
45.2666710.56667city2544.0ITCeresara
45.1333310.41667riverITChiese (river)
45.7204011.69920landmarkITCappeller Fauna Park
45.6333311.70000city7270.0ITCarmignano di Brenta
45.7500011.45000city3603.0ITCarrè
45.7166711.70000city3802.0ITCartigliano
45.2691711.85778city4268.0ITCartura
45.5491711.54889landmarkITCasa Cogollo
45.3166711.91667city5525.0ITCasalserugo
45.2961111.78889ITCastello del Catajo
45.4500011.58333city2918.0ITCastegnero
45.1370112.08255city15375.0ITCavarzere
45.0333311.86667city3951.0ITCeregnano
45.4166711.68333city5029.0ITCervarese Santa Croce
45.4105711.87979ITChurch of the Eremitani
45.4049011.88060ITChurch of Saint Francis the Greater (Padua)
46.3433312.42028mountainITCima dei Preti
46.6491912.54516eventITCima Vallona ambush
45.7833312.36667city3375.0ITCimadolmo
46.2833312.43333city462.0ITCimolais
46.5000012.33333mountainitCimon del Froppa
45.4291712.34333ITCini Foundation
45.7030612.63889landmarkIT-TVVilla Zeno
46.2666712.51667city1135.0ITClaut
46.2333312.91667city422.0ITClauzetto
45.8666712.43333city5243.0ITCodogné
46.6069412.88806mountainITCoglians
46.2288912.40139mountainITCol Nudo
45.9282012.32870ITCol di Manza
45.9500012.35000city4900.0ITColle Umberto
45.4333012.33970ITColumns of San Marco and San Todaro
46.5166712.88333city615.0ITComeglians
46.5833312.51667city2420.0ITComelico Superiore
45.8847212.29861railwaystationIT-BGConegliano railway station
45.8867612.29739city35023.0ITConegliano
45.9833312.70000city17738.0ITCordenons
45.9500012.41667city7020.0ITCordignano
46.5205612.63472mountainITCresta di Enghe
46.5333312.73333mountainITCreta Forata
45.4283012.35860ITCzech and Slovak pavilion
45.8333312.78333city3281.0ITCinto Caomaggiore
45.9655612.97639railwaystationIT-BGCodroipo railway station
45.9625012.97917city15442.0ITCodroipo
46.1666713.13333city2160.0ITColloredo di Monte Albano
45.7666712.85000city10649.0ITConcordia Sagittaria
45.8500012.88333city2629.0ITCordovado
45.7666713.13333riverITCormor
46.1000013.01667city2237.0ITCoseano
44.8170011.63300IT1570 Ferrara earthquake
44.9000011.24000eventIT2012 Northern Italy earthquakes
45.0963611.49058landmarkIT-34Abbey of Vangadizza
45.0166711.73333city2839.0ITArquà Polesine
45.0000012.45000waterbodyITAdriatic Sea
45.1497212.32028riverITAdige
45.0916712.58611ITAdriatic LNG terminal
45.0441712.14750ITAdria International Raceway
45.0566712.05583landmarkITAdria Cathedral
45.0500012.05000city19543.0ITAdria
45.1666711.96667city3288.0ITAgna
45.1500011.88333city4766.0ITAnguillara Veneta
44.9500012.11667city4870.0ITAriano nel Polesine
45.7500011.95000city6377.0ITAltivole
45.7666712.21667city4527.0ITArcade, Veneto
45.7527813.24000riverITAusa (Udine)
46.1670012.38300IT1873 Alpago earthquake
46.5333312.13333eventIT2010 World Men's Curling Championship
46.2666712.03333city4225.0ITAgordo
46.3666711.35000city1674.0ITAldein
46.4073512.02532city1408.0ITAlleghe
46.5760011.90000ITAlta Badia
46.5530011.87400landmarkITAlta Badia
46.1833311.23333city784.0ITAltavalle
46.2833311.36667city383.0ITAltrei
46.3952811.14639city213.0ITAmblar
46.3930011.14100cityITAmblar-Don
46.4166712.78333city1137.0ITAmpezzo
46.2000012.61667city308.0ITAndreis
46.5166711.23333city893.0ITAndrian, South Tyrol
46.4525012.26056mountainITAntelao
46.5347612.13687landmarkITApollonio Stadium
46.3500011.30000city3334.0ITAuer, South Tyrol
46.5500012.43333city3671.0ITAuronzo di Cadore
46.5010812.03730mountainITAverau
45.3524711.94931ITAURIGA
45.3602811.79000city19062.0ITAbano Terme
45.3963911.87972landmarkITAbbey of Santa Giustina
45.4076011.87100landmarkITAccademia Galileiana
45.3333311.58333city1350.0ITAgugliaro
45.3166711.26667city5138.0ITAlbaredo d'Adige
45.3666711.58333city2044.0ITAlbettone
45.3500011.86667city19990.0ITAlbignasego
45.3666711.43333city1648.0ITAlonte
45.2166711.28333city1892.0ITAngiari
45.3500011.28333city6015.0ITArcole
45.2700011.71833city1835.0ITArquà Petrarca
45.2166711.91667city2067.0ITArre, Veneto
45.2833312.05000city4257.0ITArzergrande
45.3000011.45000city937.0ITAsigliano Veneto
45.8483012.81580landmarkITAbbey of Santa Maria in Sylvis
45.9000011.91667city2886.0ITAlano di Piave
45.8000012.68333city3946.0ITAnnone Veneto
45.8000011.35000city3138.0ITArsiero
45.8591712.78693ITArt Aia-Creatives/In/Residence
45.8746111.52044landmarkIT-34Asiago War Memorial
45.8664011.52640ITAsiago Astrophysical Observatory
45.8666711.51667city6462.0ITAsiago
45.8019011.91367landmarkITEarthAsolo Duomo
45.8000011.91667city9089.0ITAsolo
45.4438712.33516landmarkITAbbazia della Misericordia
45.4287012.33050ITAccademia di Belle Arti di Venezia
45.5166711.45000city12012.0ITAltavilla Vicentina
45.5463912.39889ITAltinum
45.5647211.56806railwaystationIT-TAAnconetta railway station
45.4325112.31899landmarkIT-34Angelo San Raffaele, Venice
45.4225011.88556cityIT-PDArcella (Padua)
45.5410011.55290ITArco delle Scalette
45.5000011.53333city7837.0ITArcugnano
45.4451512.24497ITArgo 16
45.4353612.33206eventIT-34Artempo
45.5166711.33333city25642.0ITArzignano
45.4340412.33399ITAteneo Veneto
45.4284012.35900ITAustralian pavilion
46.6000013.00000countryITItaly
46.3700013.32000eventIT1976 Friuli earthquake
46.3666713.08333city822.0ITAmaro, Friuli
46.2238913.22556ITArboreto Pascul
46.4833313.01667city2293.0ITArta Terme
46.2333313.15000city2951.0ITArtegna
46.1833313.30000city1909.0ITAttimis
45.6333313.00000waterbodyITAdriatic Sea
45.6665011.55780ITAlfred Haines (RAF officer)
45.6166711.23333city2247.0ITAltissimo, Veneto
46.0300012.48000IT1936 Cansiglio earthquake
46.0816013.20014landmarkITStadio Friuli
46.1500011.20000city1448.0ITAlbiano
45.9764012.29310ITAlbino Luciani Diocesan Museum
46.1261112.35250city313.0ITAlpago
46.0666711.21667adm2ndITAlta Valsugana e Bersntol
45.9701012.72400ITAquarium of Cattolica
46.1500012.78333city1261.0ITArba, Friuli-Venezia Giulia
46.1602813.01139eventIT-32Aria di Festa
45.9833311.75000city2748.0ITArsiè
45.9794412.58056ITAugustus Paget (RAF officer)
46.9666711.00000IT2009 Schalfkogel avalanche
47.0000011.45000countryITItaly
47.0000010.38333countryCHSwitzerland
47.0000010.38333countryCHAustria
46.8344410.51472ITAdige
46.9658311.24444mountainITAgglsspitze
46.6833311.13333city4228.0ITAlgund
46.7602812.54194city630.0AT-7Abfaltersbach
46.8500012.68333city936.0AT-7Ainet
46.7738912.56083city1233.0AT-7Anras
46.7863912.64111city1769.0AT-7Assling
46.7866712.42861city760.0AT-7Außervillgraten
47.0433311.48583landmarkATUnterwerk Gries am Brenner
47.0000011.65000countryITAustria
47.0000011.83333countryITItaly
47.0000011.51667countryITAustria
47.0000011.56667countryITItaly
46.8147212.83194landmarkATUnterwerk Dölsach
46.9777813.17889landmarkATUnterwerk Mallnitz
46.9369413.19139landmarkATKraftwerk Obervellach
46.8272212.82306landmarkAT-7Aguntum
46.8133312.76111city489.0AT-7Amlach
47.0500013.25000mountainAUAnkogel
47.0158313.32139mountainATAnkogel Group
47.0500012.00000countryITItaly
46.7833312.05000IT2008–09 Biathlon World Cup – World Cup 6
46.7833312.05000IT2009–10 Biathlon World Cup – World Cup 6
46.7833312.05000IT2010–11 Biathlon World Cup – World Cup 6
46.8500012.10000IT2011–12 Biathlon World Cup – World Cup 6
47.0000012.13333countryITAustria
47.0000012.00000mountainAT-7Ackerlspitze
46.7933311.92278riverITAhr (South Tyrol)
47.0000011.98333city5633.0ITAhrntal
46.6977212.08400landmarkIT-BZ/IT-BLAlta Via 1
46.8124012.07840ITAntholzer Bach
46.8858312.16611waterbodyIT-BZAntholzer See
45.8063913.08111IT[empty string]
46.0905613.08972IT[empty string]
46.2586113.08139IT[empty string]
45.6922213.14806IT[empty string]
45.7663913.16917IT[empty string]
45.8022213.18806IT[empty string]
45.8183313.12639IT[empty string]
45.8211113.28111IT[empty string]
45.8336113.21583IT[empty string]
45.8619413.22167IT[empty string]
45.8841713.28611IT[empty string]
45.8969413.23361IT[empty string]
45.9344413.25222IT[empty string]
45.9344413.29250IT[empty string]
45.9441713.17333IT[empty string]
45.9566713.14111IT[empty string]
46.0208313.16250IT[empty string]
46.0963913.13778IT[empty string]
46.1222213.12639IT[empty string]
46.1432213.24653IT[empty string]
46.1647213.13861IT[empty string]
46.1680613.15611IT[empty string]
46.1891713.14222IT[empty string]
46.2075013.26333IT[empty string]
46.2794413.14306IT[empty string]
46.3330613.14222IT[empty string]
46.3738913.31028IT[empty string]
46.3740313.30492IT[empty string]
46.5072213.31139IT[empty string]
45.9094413.18528IT[empty string]
45.9877813.19556IT[empty string]
46.0486113.18750IT[empty string]
46.0619413.24222IT[empty string]
46.1216713.19028IT[empty string]
46.1338913.17639IT[empty string]
46.1672213.20139IT[empty string]
46.2122213.22583IT[empty string]
46.2344413.17861IT[empty string]
46.4108313.20139IT[empty string]
45.8372213.10028IT[empty string]
46.1141713.09389IT[empty string]
46.2325013.11278IT[empty string]
45.9297213.12028IT[empty string]
46.2066213.11582IT[empty string]
46.5327813.11722IT[empty string]
45.3567911.28450IT[empty string]
45.3968911.28440IT[empty string]
45.4172911.28370IT[empty string]
45.4808911.28759IT[empty string]
45.5458911.27959IT[empty string]
45.6483011.30639IT[empty string]
45.9368011.27478IT[empty string]
46.0129011.30718IT[empty string]
46.1655111.29988IT[empty string]
46.3169111.27258IT[empty string]
46.3305111.30088IT[empty string]
46.3448111.29538IT[empty string]
46.8666711.30000IT[empty string]
45.3874911.38900IT[empty string]
45.4076911.40190IT[empty string]
45.4564911.38350IT[empty string]
45.4597911.34010IT[empty string]
45.4749911.36950IT[empty string]
45.4908911.36020IT[empty string]
45.5036911.41200IT[empty string]
45.5192911.33859IT[empty string]
45.5611911.37169IT[empty string]
45.5848911.39569IT[empty string]
45.5891911.36549IT[empty string]
45.6130911.34059IT[empty string]
45.6603011.40749IT[empty string]
45.6610011.36129IT[empty string]
45.6822011.37769IT[empty string]
45.7124011.35739IT[empty string]
45.7168011.31949IT[empty string]
45.7351011.39179IT[empty string]
45.4500011.43333IT[empty string]
45.4748911.44230IT[empty string]
45.5154911.45870IT[empty string]
45.5266911.44610IT[empty string]
45.5604911.45800IT[empty string]
45.6309011.44670IT[empty string]
45.6931011.42729IT[empty string]
45.7234011.44289IT[empty string]
45.7488011.45779IT[empty string]
45.7576011.43489IT[empty string]
45.7638011.46169IT[empty string]
45.7748011.44979IT[empty string]
45.7847011.42589IT[empty string]
45.8824011.46239IT[empty string]
46.0514111.45439IT[empty string]
46.2824111.43348IT[empty string]
46.2915111.45938IT[empty string]
46.4140411.42523IT[empty string]
45.7884011.36769IT[empty string]
45.8029011.35419IT[empty string]
45.8867011.36159IT[empty string]
46.0498111.40829IT[empty string]
46.3658111.35508IT[empty string]
46.4023111.31948IT[empty string]
46.4267911.33841IT[empty string]
46.4927211.33358IT[empty string]
46.4935211.39218IT[empty string]
46.5358211.32958IT[empty string]
46.6435211.35577IT[empty string]
46.8818311.37827IT[empty string]
46.8925311.43007IT[empty string]
46.9381311.44247IT[empty string]
46.5415211.45728IT[empty string]
46.9000311.46507IT[empty string]
46.9666711.00000IT[empty string]
45.3282911.64150IT[empty string]
45.3484911.67080IT[empty string]
45.3666911.66380IT[empty string]
45.4360911.67060IT[empty string]
45.4460911.67500IT[empty string]
45.4732911.61120IT[empty string]
45.5194911.65830IT[empty string]
45.5249911.61230IT[empty string]
45.5741011.63300IT[empty string]
45.6037011.62330IT[empty string]
45.6093011.67690IT[empty string]
45.6443011.63430IT[empty string]
45.6486011.67350IT[empty string]
45.6963011.64500IT[empty string]
45.7222011.67770IT[empty string]
45.7398011.62690IT[empty string]
45.7446011.61660IT[empty string]
45.7468011.65790IT[empty string]
45.3253911.58420IT[empty string]
45.3568911.58180IT[empty string]
45.4342911.57760IT[empty string]
45.4424911.58450IT[empty string]
45.4957911.54770IT[empty string]
45.5572911.54090IT[empty string]
45.5987011.57270IT[empty string]
45.6337011.55020IT[empty string]
45.6561011.59200IT[empty string]
45.6657011.56360IT[empty string]
45.7002011.52960IT[empty string]
45.7057011.56680IT[empty string]
45.7186011.60680IT[empty string]
45.7298011.52400IT[empty string]
45.7398011.54760IT[empty string]
45.7455011.52869IT[empty string]
45.7849011.57560IT[empty string]
45.8000011.60710IT[empty string]
45.5319911.47850IT[empty string]
45.5835911.48720IT[empty string]
45.6078011.50280IT[empty string]
45.6517011.48730IT[empty string]
45.7088011.47959IT[empty string]
45.7674011.51139IT[empty string]
45.8751011.50759IT[empty string]
46.0645111.50569IT[empty string]
46.0674111.52009IT[empty string]
46.0713111.47959IT[empty string]
46.2904111.51198IT[empty string]
46.5167211.50128IT[empty string]
46.6033211.52138IT[empty string]
46.8746311.48667IT[empty string]
47.0000011.50000IT[empty string]
45.8192011.71540IT[empty string]
45.8395011.68960IT[empty string]
45.9197011.73090IT[empty string]
45.9416011.70550IT[empty string]
45.9830111.75830IT[empty string]
46.0469111.75229IT[empty string]
46.1557111.73249IT[empty string]
46.4759211.77149IT[empty string]

Next 500

Interaction